The series of landslides arise from poor prevention works because of neo-liberal policies. In fact, Parti Sosialis Malaysia (PSM) raised the red flag on future risks from slopes on July 17, 2020.
According to Pelan Induk Cerun Negara (PICN 2009-2023), overdevelopment and construction near hill slope increases the risk of landslide.
Putrajaya needs to curtail property development by developers near hill slopes.
Meanwhile, existing slopes needs to undergo routine preventative works to protect lives, homes and public infrastructure.
On February 2, 2004, the Federal Executive Cabinet approved the establishment of Cawangan Kejuruteraan Cerun (CKC) under JKR.
This was in direct response to the rockfall landslide at KM21.8 (Bukit Lanjan) on North Klang Valley Expressway (NKVE) that occurred in November 26, 2003.
CKC-JKR manages, controls and supervises slopes to avoid future tragedies.
According to the Slope Management Guidelines (Part 3) dated August 2006, CKC-JKR must conduct routine slope maintenance at least once per year for category 1 and 2 slopes and twice per year for category 3 slopes.
Between 2007 to 2012, routine preventative maintenance was conducted properly. However, this was stopped since 2013 due to deep budget cuts imposed by the Najib Razak administration.
According to CKC-JKR, there are 946 high risk slopes in Semenanjung with 20% located within three districts; Cameroon Highlands, Kinta, and Gombak.
In 2018, CKC was supposed to conduct landslide prevention work on all 946 high risk slopes, but fewer than 6% of the slopes were completed.
There was no preventative work done in Pahang and one preventative work was completed in Selangor.
The failure to undertake landslide prevention works was due to outsourcing to an incapable company called Pintas Utama Sdn Bhd (301524-V).
Ministry of Finance (MoF) granted the concession to Pintas Utama through direct negotiation to undertake slope maintenance and repair worth nearly RM900 million for a period of 36 months from November 1, 2017.
The Auditor-General’s Report Series 3 highlighted that the concession contractor did not have the sufficient capability to conduct slope prevention works as planned by CKC-JKR.
Putrajaya needs to stop neoliberal policies such as privatization of slope management and austerity cuts before more people die from landslides.
(Sharan Raj is Central Committee Member of Parti Sosialis Malaysia PSM and State Secretary of PSM Melaka.)